Causes of Endometriosis

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Causes of Endometriosis

Main article: Endometriosis Overview

Updated: 18-February-2023

Causes of Endometriosis

To begin understanding endometriosis and find some common links, numerous epidemiology studies were carried out. We know women with short menstrual cycles, above average height and early menarche are at higher risk of endometriosis, whilst giving birth, smoking and higher BMI is associated with a lower risk of endometriosis. Genetically women with a family history of endometriosis are also at greater risk, with the condition found to be 9 times more likely in Asian women compared to European or American women.

Factors associated with increased risk
– Low birth weight / Small for gestational age
– Earlier age of menarche
– Shorter menstrual cycle length
– Taller height
– Vitamin D deficiency
– Alcohol intake
– Caffeine intake
Factors associated with decreased risk
– Nulliparity
– Current oral contraceptive use
– Smoking
– Higher body mass index
– Regular exercise
– Fish and omega 3 fatty acids

Risk factors for Endometriosis

Experts suggest these factors are more likely a consequence and not the cause of endometriosis.

Although the exact cause of endometriosis is still unknown, there are 6 main theories:

  • Retrograde menstruation
  • Coelomic Metaplasia
  • Embryonic Rests
  • Lymphovascular metastasis
  • Stem Cell Origin
  • Low testosterone

Some experts also suggest the condition could be multifactorial.

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Diagnosis of Endometriosis

Diagnosis of Endometriosis

See a doctor if you have any typical symptoms of endometriosis. Preferably someone experienced with endometriosis and similar conditions…. Read more

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